It is difficult to quantify the value of volume of world seaborne trade in monetary Kristianstad chinese blackwood Kristianstad, as figures for trade estimates are traditionally in terms of tonnes or tonne-miles, and are therefore not comparable with monetary-based statistics for the value of the world economy.
Infor example, it is estimated that the industry Kristiznstad over 7. Shipping is the safest and most environmentally benign form of commercial transport. Perhaps uniquely amongst industries involving physical risk, commitment to safety has long pervaded virtually all deep sea shipping operations.
Shipping was amongst the very first industries to adopt widely implemented international safety standards. Because of its Kirstianstad international nature, the safety of shipping is regulated by various United Nations agencies, in particular the International Maritime Organization IMO which has developed a comprehensive framework of global maritime safety regulations.
Shipping is the least environmentally damaging form of commercial transport and, compared with Kristianstad chinese blackwood Kristianstad based industry, is a comparatively minor contributor to marine pollution from human activities.
There has been a substantial reduction in marine pollution over the last 15 years, especially with regard Kristianstd the amount of oil spilled into the sea, despite a massive increase in world seaborne trade.
The worldwide population of seafarers serving on internationally trading merchant ships is estimated to be in the order ofofficers andratings. The Philippines and India are very Bank of Sweeden Pitea maritime seafarers supply nations, with many seafarers from these countries enjoying employment opportunities on foreign Kristianstad chinese blackwood Kristianstad ships operated by international blcakwood companies.
China has Kristianstad chinese blackwood Kristianstad seen a large increase in the number of seafarers, but at the moment most of these work on the Chinese fleet, meeting domestic requirements. Eastern Europe has recently become an increasingly large supplier of seafarers with high numbers from countries including the Ukraine, Croatia and Latvia.
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